WASHINGTON, July 24 -
Mr. Speaker, for years, the United States has used drones to track terrorists overseas, catch outlaws along the border and other lawful purposes ñ but now, thousands of drones are heading to the homeland. The FAA plans to allow the expanded use of drones to operate nationwide by the year 2015. It is estimated, by 2030, 30,000 of them will be flying in American skies.
Yes, Mr. Speaker, the drones are coming.
Who will operate these drones, and what will be their mission? Could it be a suspicious government agent who thinks someone looks kind of funny? The EPA bureaucrat to monitor somebodyís farm and watch Bessie the cow graze in the pasture? Or a nosy neighbor who wants to make sure someoneís shutters are pretty and the flowers donít violate the homeownersí association rules? Or could it be a legitimate and lawful and legal purpose of drones that doesnít violate the right of privacy?
These are the kinds of situations Americans face as we enter this uncharted and unprecedented world of drone technology.
Congress has the legal obligation to ensure that the Fourth Amendment rights of private citizens are protected in this new ìdrone world.î You see, Mr. Speaker, the Fourth Amendment says this:
ìThe right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated. No warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.î
The Fourth Amendment limits government intrusion into our lives. The Constitution limits eavesdropping, snooping, and spying on American citizens. While there are some legitimate uses for drones domestically, such as monitoring forest fires and floods and hurricanes, tracking an escaped bank robber, and other enforcement uses, it is up to Congress to limit their use so that the Fourth Amendment and the right of privacy are protected.
That is why I am introducing the Preserving American Privacy Act.
Now is the time for Congress to act, not in 2015. With the increased technology of surveillance, Congress has to be proactive in controlling drone use to law enforcement and also in protecting civilians from the private use of drones. This bill will ensure the privacy of private citizens is protected by establishing guidelines about when and for what purpose law enforcement agencies, private citizens, and businesses can use drones.
I repeat: This bill will ensure the privacy of private citizens, that it is protected by establishing guidelines about when and for what purposes law enforcement agencies, private citizens, and businesses